Applications of GIS in Emergency Management
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What is emergency management?
How does it work?
There are four phases of emergency management
Response always starts at the local level and works up
When local resources are overwhelmed, seek help from neighbors and the next level up
The same goes for the county and the state
Recovery is all about getting back to the new normal
For small events, this could take days or weeks
For large events, it could take years
Reducing risk from potential hazards before a disaster happens
Spending money on mitigation before a disaster saves money after a disaster
If we as citizens can be prepared beforehand, resources can go to places with the most need during response
Those in emergency management regularly exercise their capabilities to test their preparedness
We use lessons learned from exercises to build up our capabilities
GIS is useful in different ways for each phase of the cycle
These phases are not mutually exclusive
Several GIS based tools exist in emergency management
The tools shown here are only a sample of what is available
One of these tools is something you're already familiar with
Paper maps are still critically important to both incident command as well as emergency management
GIS hazard analysis tools tend to be hazard-specific
HAZUS: earthquakes, floods and hurricanes
ShakeCast: earthquakes
ALOHA: chemical plumes
HURREVAC: hurricanes
SLOSH: hurricanes
FIMT: wildfires
InaSAFE: multiple hazards -- free and open source
WebEOC: incident management
There are many apps for performing damage assessment, some of which rely heavily on maps
Bottom line: emergency managers need the power of GIS tools to analyze incident data and make decisions
Success Stories
In Utah in recent years, we have had the most exeperience dealing with wildfires
In summer of 2012, we had a number of fires exceeding 10,000 acres
Several of these fires caused evacuations and a lot of road closures
We started maintaining simple Google Maps for these fires
Overall, we created 19 maps that received a combined total of over 1.2 million views
Following the 2012 fire season, GIS professionals from three state agencies realized that they were all trying to collect the same data
In 2013, we began working together to share maps and perimeter data
Sharing data is a really good idea!
Even with the best planning possible, new challenges and problems will come up during a disaster
Disaster response is not the time to learn new techniques and processes
During a disaster, what counts as authoritative data and information?
How do we handle social media and other volunteered damage reports?
These challenges are not insurmountable
Good planning makes all the difference
The Way Forward
One of the keys to solving the challenges we face is building strong partnerships
That's exactly what we're here for today
There are more networking opportunities available through the UGIC Conference, Maps on the Hill, and local GIS user groups
Also important are partnerships with GIS professionals who have been through a disaster before
Organizations like NSGIC, NISC, and NAPSG and others help make this happen
What we're currently working on
How to Get Involved
Are you interested about getting into emergency management?
Great! There are a number of free training courses available through FEMA
Do you work for a jurisdiction or agency with a role in emergency management or response?
There's a committee for that
You should sign up!
Big was created by Tom MacWright tmcw/ big
Contact me:
Josh Groeneveld @joshgroeneveld